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Immunotherapy helps treat cancer by supporting the body's immune system. It can restore, boost, or redirect the immune system.
Immunotherapy may use cells from a person's body, such as a type of white blood cell called a T cell. Or it may use proteins or bacteria that have been enhanced in the lab so they can help the immune system find and destroy the cancer cells.
Immunotherapy for cancer includes:
Medicines, such as checkpoint inhibitors, cytokines, and monoclonal antibodies.
Immune cell therapies, such as CAR T-cell therapy.
Treatment vaccines, such as Sipuleucel-T.
Current as of: December 19, 2018
Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review:Kathleen Romito MD - Family Medicine & Adam Husney MD - Family Medicine & Jimmy Ruiz MD - Hematology, Oncology & Heather Quinn MD - Family Medicine