Female genital area, showing a healthy Bartholin gland and a Bartholin gland cyst

On each side of the opening to the vagina, there is a Bartholin gland. These glands produce fluid to lubricate the opening to the vagina. If a Bartholin gland duct becomes blocked, fluid builds up inside the gland, causing a cyst.

Current as of: February 19, 2019

Author: Healthwise Staff
Sarah A. Marshall, MD - Family Medicine
Martin J. Gabica, MD - Family Medicine
Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine
Femi Olatunbosun, MB, FRCSC, FACOG - Obstetrics and Gynecology, Reproductive Endocrinology